Muscle Tenderness – Test

Test your Muscle Tenderness

Look at the the Trigger Point images below and palpate the muscles on your cheek (Masseters) and on the temple (Temporalis) to see if there are trigger points.
You will need to push down hard and roll your finger or thumb around to find any  knots in the muscle. If you find knots, then there are issues with your jaw joint and strained muscles.

On a scale of 1 to 3, rate all muscles

To make the test more accurate, we have simplified the Tenderness Scale:
1 = no pain, I just feel pressure
2 = Ouch, that really hurts.
3 = You back away quickly from applying pressure, because the pain is so severe

A healthy muscle system will result in all 1’s or 1.5’s.
If you are experiencing 2’s and 3’s, this  indicate muscle strain and bite related problems.
(Muscle trigger points are hard to do on yourself. Most of us like to avoid pain!)

Headaches, Ear and Neck Pain

Determine the connection between the trigger points and the actual pain spots above the eyes, behind the ears and the temple areas.

tmj test 1

Trigger Point: Deep Masseter Muscle
Pain Area: Ears


tmj test 2

Trigger Point: Masseter Muscle along jaw line
Pain Areas: Lower Jaw, Above the Eyes, Side of Head


tmj test 3

Trigger Point: Middle of Masseter Muscle
Pain Areas: Upper Jaw, Lower Jaw, Teeth


tmj test 4

Trigger Point: Sternocleidomastoid Muscle
Pain Areas: Lower Jaw, Above the Eyes, Back and Along the Top of Head
Pinch the SCM muscle (the one on the neck running from behind your ear to the sternum and clavicle muscles). This is a muscle that is often more sore on one side because of head rotation from an unbalanced bite.


tmj test 5

Trigger Point: Splenius Capitus Muscle
Pain Areas: The Top of Head
Rub the area at the back of the skull – this is the Nuccal Line and is often sore and painful for those who suffer from Neck and Shoulder Aches.


Numbness on the fingertips and back of the hands or numbness that descending down the arm

This may be due to the entrapment of a nerve for the arm by a neck muscle. This muscle is important for head posture and is connected to  bite problems. Coldness or swelling of the hands can be an indication of blood vessel entrapment that is related more to chest muscles.

tmj muscle 1tmj muscle

Trigger Point: Levator Scapulae Muscle
Pain Areas: Back, Shoulder
Numbness: Hand, Arm